The project will focus on irrigated area of the country (Fig. 1). Initially (1st and 2nd year) the work will be carried out in the Indo-Gangetic plains (IGP), which has the largest area under irrigation in the country. Later on other irrigated areas will be covered.
Phenotyping, physiological evaluation and genetic improvement of irrigated crops (rice, wheat, chickpea) for heat and drought stresses.
• Physiological and biochemical response of rice, wheat and chick pea to temperature and moisture stresses.
• Functional and proteomic characterization of heat responsive genes and proteins in wheat and rice.
• Phenotyping and marker based genotyping for moisture and heat stress tolerance in wheat.
• Marker assisted improvement of drought and heat tolerance in basmati and non-basmati rice varieties.
• Phenotyping of reference set germplasm to identify donors for heat tolerance in rice and cold tolerance in chickpea.
• Evaluation of marker based improved/ selected lines for homozygosity and homogeneity.
• QTLs known for drought and heat tolerance are being introgressed in high-yielding lines. The selected lines will be advanced for obtaining homozygosity during crop-season.
• Phenotypic evaluation of RIL population for heat tolerance and other phenotypic traits and molecular marker analysis of the RIL population.
• Screening of different wheat lines from core subset for thermotolerance using different biochemical parameters.
Monitoring of GHG emissions through flux towers/field measurement in irrigated rice-wheat production system in the IGP (New Delhi) and rice-rice system in south-east peninsula (Aduthurai).
• Measuring GHGs emission using flux tower in rice-wheat eco-system in the Indo-Gangetic plains and closed-chamber technique in rice-rice system in south-east peninsula (Aduthurai).
• Mitigating GHGs emissions from rice fields through microbial interventions.
• Mitigating GHGs emissions from rice-wheat eco-systems through conservation agriculture and crop diversification
Adaptation and mitigation through improved crop management, enhanced water productivity and nutrient use efficiency; and carbon and nutrient budgeting in rice-wheat system.
• Assessment of surface and groundwater availability and crop-water demand at field and regional scales under current and climate change scenarios.
• Quantification of C, N and energy budget under climate change scenarios and assessment of C sequestration potential at various agro-ecological zones.
• Development of microbe-based technology for tolerance to climatic stresses.
• Development of drought indices and monitoring system at various agro-ecological zones.
• Enhancing water and nutrient use efficiency through conservation agriculture.
• Field experiments for enhanced water and nutrient use efficiency in rice-wheat cropping systems using modern irrigation methods (drip irrigation and fertigation).
• Studying the effect of conservation agricultural practices on carbon and nitrogen enrichment in soil of Mumtajpur village.
• Initiation of long-term carbon mineralization experiment on biochar stability in soils with varying carbon level.
• Assessment of long-term effect of various residue management (crop residue incorporation, crop residue burning, crop residue removal) including biochar on C sequestration and soil health in rice-wheat, maize-wheat and pearl millet-wheat cropping system.
• Quantification of C and N budget of the Mumtajpur village.
• Evaluation of selected isolates their ability to assist in establishment of wheat and direct seeded rice at high temperature and moisture.
Strengthening real-time data capture on crop health through Satellite Data Reception System and integrate the output to agro-advisories.
• Real-time monitoring of crop conditions at regional scale.
• Regular generation of meteorological and crop health parameters from satellite images.
• Aggregation of parameters at district levels for generation and analysis of meteorological and crop condition for 580 districts of India.
• Development of a web interface for visualization and dissemination of district level health indicators.
Integrated crop modelling for wheat and rice for impact assessment and indentifying adaptation strategies at regional level for near and long-term downscaled scenario.
• Integrated modelling of climate change impacts and development of adaptation strategies.
• Developing pest simulation model for forewarning and coupling it with InfoCrop.
• Simulation of disease distribution (through mapping probable infection) of diseases in rice, wheat and chickpea.
• Simulation of yield loss in rice, chickpea and wheat linking crop growth model.
• Formulation of empirical pest-weather relationships for rice and wheat pests.
• Predict the impact of climate change on water resources availability and crop production in different sub basins of IGP.
Technology demonstration on farmers’ fields and
• Development of a climate-smart model village.
• Capacity building in NICRA villages for climate-smart agriculture.
• Development of educational aids and training modules for promoting climate-smart agriculture.
• Promotion and Integration of climate resilient technologies through on-farm demonstrations.
• Development and testing of crop contingency plans.
• To promote use of traps (pheromone, light, sticky), insect proof nets, conservation of natural enemies, trap crops, bio-pesticides, judicious use of pesticides etc.