Welcome to National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture, Indian Agricultural Research Institute

Technical programme in brief including methodology and activity milestones in 2011-14

The project will focus on irrigated area of the country (Fig. 1). Initially (1st and 2nd year) the work will be carried out in the Indo-Gangetic plains (IGP), which has the largest area under irrigation in the country. Later on other irrigated areas will be covered.

Percent Irrigated Map of India

Objective 1


Phenomics for improving abiotic stress resistance in wheat and rice

• Installation of the phenotyping facility under field conditions
• Standardization of field phenomic data generation and data banking • Protocol development for heat tolerance phenotyping studies with wheat as an example
• Installation of controlled environment based phenomics facility in the phytotron and its protocol development with wheat
• Phenotyping wheat and rice genotypes
• Phenotyping for heat tolerance in genetic stocks identified for abiotic stress tolerance by
o Staggered planting in field phenomic facility
o Elevated temperature conditions in the phytotron
o Screening for heat tolerance parameters using automated sequential data accumulated interspersed with physical parameters like canopy temperature depression
• Phenotyping mapping of wheat population available carrying heat tolerance in the field phenomic facility
• Genotyping in the genetic stock for identification QTLs for heat tolerance through association genetics
• Genotyping of mapping population identification of heat tolerance QTLs
• Validation of the QTLs mapped in the genetic stocks and detection of variant alleles through allele mining

Objective 2


To estimate GHG emission from large agricultural areas with improved methodology

• Installation and standardization of the flux tower in field conditions
• Evaluating GHG emission from rice-based cropping system using flux tower
• Developing conservation agriculture practices in irrigated cropping systems (direct-seeded rice, system of rice intensification, zero tillage, residue management) for GHG mitigation
• Assessing GHG mitigation potential of various nutrient and water management options (site-specific nutrient management, integrated nutrient management, aerobic rice, irrigation management, conservation agriculture) in rice, wheat and chickpea
• Assessing potential and cost of GHG mitigation in irrigated areas

Objective 3


To monitor crop conditions in real time as affected by short-term climatic stresses and provide advice to stakeholders on contingency measures

• Setting up ground earth station for receiving satellite data
• Formulation and validation of indicators for assessment of crop and crop growing environment
• Design a web-based system to display, query and disseminate crop condition as map and graph
• Generation and dissemination of region and crop-specific contingency measures

Objective 4


To assess the vulnerability of irrigated crops (rice, wheat and chickpea) to climate variability and change

• Delineating current and future climatic risks in the Indo-Gangetic Plain for irrigated crops
• Quantifying response of crops (wheat, rice and gram) to elevated CO2 and temperature and to short-term stresses
• Deriving the adaptation strategies to minimize the adverse impacts
• On-farm evaluation of adaptation options
• Mapping vulnerable areas using GIS tools

Objective 5


To demonstrate climate change adaptation and mitigation technologies in irrigated production systems

• Participatory baseline analysis of bio-physical and socio-economic parameters
• Development of need-based technologies for demonstration
• Capacity building for uptake of climate resilient technologies
• Socio-economic assessment of adoption of climate resilient technologies
• Documentation of successful cases for replication and policy advocacy