Welcome to National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture, Indian Agricultural Research Institute

Technical programme in brief including methodology and activity milestones in 2016-17

The project will focus on irrigated area of the country (Fig. 1). Initially (1st and 2nd year) the work will be carried out in the Indo-Gangetic plains (IGP), which has the largest area under irrigation in the country. Later on other irrigated areas will be covered.


Objective 1

 

Phenotyping, physiological evaluation and genetic improvement of irrigated crops (rice, wheat, chickpea) for heat and drought stresses.

• Physiological and biochemical response of rice, wheat and chick pea to temperature and moisture stresses.
• Functional and proteomic characterization of heat responsive genes and proteins in wheat and rice.
• Phenotyping and marker based genotyping for moisture and heat stress tolerance in wheat.
• Marker assisted improvement of drought and heat tolerance in basmati and non-basmati rice varieties.
• Interactive studies on temperature stress and moisture deficit in rice genotypes under elevated CO2.
• Evaluation of signaling molecules and growth regulators for mitigation of adverse effect of drought and high temperature stresses.
• Phenotypic and yield evaluation of MAS derived lines under stress conditions.
• Analysis of grain and cooking quality and Identification of elite genetic stocks for heat tolerance.
• Proteomic characterization of wheat under the heat stress for the identification of SAPs using iTRAQ.

Objective 2

 

Monitoring of GHG emissions through flux towers/field measurement in irrigated rice-wheat production system in the IGP (New Delhi) and rice-rice system in south-east peninsula (Aduthurai).

• Measuring and upscaling GHGs emission using flux tower in rice-wheat eco-system in the Indo-Gangetic plains and in rice-rice system in south-east peninsula (Aduthurai).
• Assessing the potential of microbial interventions for GHG mitigation in rice. Mitigating GHGs emissions from rice-wheat eco-systems through conservation agriculture, water and nutrient management.

Objective 3

 

Adaptation and mitigation through improved crop management, enhanced water productivity and nutrient use efficiency; and carbon and nutrient budgeting in rice-wheat system.

• Assessment of surface and groundwater availability and crop-water demand at field and regional scales under current and climate change scenarios.
• Quantification of C, N and energy budget under climate change scenarios and assessment of C sequestration potential at various agro-ecological zones.
• Development of microbe-based technology for tolerance to climatic stresses.
• Development of drought indices and monitoring system at various agro-ecological zones.
• Assessment of long-term effect of various residue management (crop residue incorporation, crop residue burning, crop residue removal) including biochar on C sequestration and soil health in rice-wheat, maize-wheat and pearl millet-wheat cropping system.
• Enhancing water and nutrient use efficiency through conservation agriculture.
• Quantification of water and energy budget.
• Development of composite drought index (Metrological, Agricultural and hydrological).
• Isolation and identification of MOB and deciphering total structural diversity of MOB from samples using 16S rRNA gene or methane monoxygenase gene sequencing.
• To validate the performance of ICM modules for enhancing productivity, resource use efficiency and enhance higher resilience in mitigation/adaptation to climate change in rice-wheat /maize-wheat cropping systems in the Indo-Gangetic regions.

Objective 4

 

Strengthening real-time data capture on crop health through Satellite Data Reception System and integrate the output to agro-advisories.

• Development of contingency measures for some selected districts in the IGP.
• Operational implementation of real-time crop monitoring application.
• Validation and improvement in satellite derived indicators.
• Providing information on crop health indicators to research group developing contingency plans.


Objective 5

 

Integrated crop modelling for wheat and rice for impact assessment and indentifying adaptation strategies at regional level for near and long-term downscaled scenario.

• Integrated modelling of climate change impacts and development of adaptation strategies.
• Developing pest simulation model for forewarning and coupling it with InfoCrop.
• Simulation of disease distribution (through mapping probable infection) of diseases in rice, wheat and chickpea.
• To study interactive effect of elevated CO2 and temperature on rice BPH, wheat aphids and predators.
• Linkage of Spodpoptera and population model with InfoCrop and simulation of climate change impact.
• Temperature rise impact on host-pathogen interaction in relation to pathogenicity related gene (s) expression on resistance and susceptibility.


Objective 6

 

Technology demonstration on farmers’ fields and

• Development of a climate-smart model village. • Capacity building in NICRA villages for climate-smart agriculture.
• Development of educational aids and training modules for promoting climate-smart agriculture.
• Developing ICM modules for predominant cropping systems for resilience, diversification and livelihoods.
• Upscaling and outscaling of diffusion and application of climate resilient technologies.
• Development of climate smart farmers and climate smart community extension agents.


NEXT